How to control blood sugar, blood sugar testing, blood sugar level

blood sugar

Sugar can also be called an enemy due to the adverse effects on human life. There are various amounts of sugar in foods that we get daily. Most of the health problems are caused by the artificial foods that sugar in rich. Because most people have become accustomed to using artificial foods.

In that case people in the whole world are facing many health issues, in order to prevent it, many countries are managing a law to indicate the percentage of sugar available in processed foods.

There are several types of sugars, it is important to know that natural and some are very well prepared. Although they start naturally, it is no longer natural.

Types of Sugar

  • Glucose – found natural plant foods such as carbohydrates, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Lactose – Found in milk, it’s made from galactose and glucose. Industrially it’s produced as a by-product of the dairy industry.
  • Maltose: found in barley
  • Sucrose – This type of sugar made up of glucose and fructose and found in plants

What are the reasons sugar is bad for you?

Let’s consider some of the reasons why it sounds bad.

  • Processed sugar can reduce your body’s ability to destroy the germs.
  • Reduction of the resistance to disease is a good reason for flu bug and lead to falling ill.
  • Sugar in rich foods can lead to problems that could be harmful to the dental health.
  • Additional hygiene requires excessive intake, resulting in more chromium loss. Many other issues will arise due to the reduction of mineral wealth.
  • Most parents have become accustomed to giving their children sugar-rich foods, which they believe will increase the functioning of the baby. But of course, it’s a sugar rich diet that causes dental problems to the teeth. Children can add a lot of value to their lives by controlling sugar rich foods since childhood.
  • Of course, there is no much health benefit in the processed sugar. So, when you eat sugar rich food which meant you eating empty calories that will cause weight gain
  • Insulin is the hormone that regulates the sugar in the human body, and extra sugars produce extra insulin for controlling sugar. Many of the issues arise due to the failure of the insulin producing system
  • Decreased vision, decreased kidney activity, drowsiness, and taking long time to recover injuries.
  • Refined sugar rapidly enters the bloodstream, and blood flow is rapidly abandoned. This process can be anxiously expressed. Sugar addicts get worried, but the problem worsens. It is best to avoid the first sugar added.
  • In fact, cancer cells love the sugar. So, for many things, they need sugar. By reducing sugar that is processed, your risk can be reduced.

Some food that you may not know do sugar-rich

It is difficult to find hidden sugar in our diet. You are added and you will be surprised at what is always unnecessary sugar.

Canned and Packaged

When purchasing such foods, you need to check the label in order to know the amount of sugar available. You probably know to be wary of sodium in canned soup, but you may not know that many varieties are riddled with sugar, too.

Bread – Made from refined flour and sugar. Both of these affect blood sugar. Wheat flour can be high in sugar. So, you need to read labels.

Frozen yogurt is served in a large variety of flavors and styles. It’s just as sugary as regular ice-cream but also has sugar-free, thus healthier alternatives.

Canned Beans – Check labels on canned beans with any type of sauce. These are usually high in sugar.

Muffins – Some muffins are high in sugar, but even those are healthy are even a cake of muffin with a healthy flavor or a healthy name. They are heavy on sugar. But there are recipes for low-sugar muffins

Energy drinks – You may not have thought about some energy drink products, but they contain sugar in different amounts to provide instant energy. Please be aware of the amount of sugar in it before you drink it.

Savory foods – In most savory foods like sauces, ketchup, salad cream, ready meals, chutneys and crisps sugar can be seen in many amounts.

How to control blood sugar
There are few things to consider when you want to control sugar in your blood.

Low-carbohydrate diet
A low-carbohydrate diet gives slightly better control of glucose metabolism.


According to The American Diabetes Association (ADA) a vegan diet is a healthful option for all ages. In the ADA’s 2018 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes, a vegan diet was included as a treatment option.

You can use your food processor, high-speed blender, magic bullet or a gadget like the Yonana Frozen Healthy Dessert Maker. All you do is freeze the fruit you want to use for a while, then feed it through the Yonana or blend it in one of the blenders or the food processor. It’s simple and tastes wonderful. Tip: Use the ripest fruit you can for the sweetest flavor.

Control processed foods

Many processed foods are high in sugar, refined grains. Processed sugar has no health benefits whatsoever. Therefore, when you eat sugary meals, you’re eating empty calories that will cause weight gain.

Drink more water

Drinking more water helps your kidneys flush out excess blood sugar through your urine.

Timing of meals

For people with diabetes, healthy eating is not simply a matter of “what one eats”, but also when one eats.

Exercise regularly.

A proper diet and exercise are the foundations of diabetic care, with a greater amount of exercise yielding better results. Exercise improves blood sugar control, decreases body fat content and decreases blood lipid levels, and these effects are evident even without weight loss. Aerobic exercise leads to a decrease in blood glucose and improved insulin sensitivity. Resistance training is also useful and the combination of both types of exercise may be most effective.

Take cinnamon

Cinnamon has been shown to help lower blood glucose levels. It could be use as spice in your food or as additional supplement.

What is the average blood sugar level?

Blood sugar level is measured by means of a glucose meter, with the result either in mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter in the US) or mmol/L (millimoles per litre in Canada and Eastern Europe) of blood. The average normal person has an average fasting glucose level of 4.5 mmol/L (81 mg/dL), with a lows of down to 2.5 and up to 5.4 mmol/L (65 to 98 mg/dL).

Optimal management of diabetes involves patients measuring and recording their own blood glucose levels. By keeping a diary of their own blood glucose measurements and noting the effect of food and exercise, patients can modify their lifestyle to better control their diabetes. For patients on insulin, patient involvement is important in achieving effective dosing and timing.

Levels which are significantly above or below this range are problematic and can in some cases be dangerous. A level of <3.8 mmol/L (<70 mg/dL) is usually described as a hypoglycemic attack (low blood sugar). Most diabetics know when they are going to “go hypo” and usually are able to eat some food or drink something sweet to raise levels. A patient who is hyperglycemic (high glucose) can also become temporarily hypoglycemic, under certain conditions (e.g. not eating regularly, or after strenuous exercise, followed by fatigue).

Intensive efforts to achieve blood sugar levels close to normal have been shown to triple the risk of the most severe form of hypoglycemia, in which the patient requires assistance from by-standers in order to treat the episode.

In the United States, there were annually 48,500 hospitalizations for diabetic hypoglycemia and 13,100 for diabetic hypoglycemia resulting in coma in the period 1989 to 1991, before intensive blood sugar control was as widely recommended as today. One study found that hospital admissions for diabetic hypoglycemia increased by 50% from 1990–1993 to 1997–2000, as strict blood sugar control efforts became more common.

Among intensively controlled type 1 diabetics, 55% of episodes of severe hypoglycemia occur during sleep, and 6% of all deaths in diabetics under the age of 40 are from nocturnal hypoglycemia in the so-called ‘dead-in-bed syndrome,’ while National Institute of Health statistics show that 2% to 4% of all deaths in diabetics are from hypoglycemia.

In children and adolescents following intensive blood sugar control, 21% of hypoglycemic episodes occurred without explanation. In addition to the deaths caused by diabetic hypoglycemia, periods of severe low blood sugar can also cause permanent brain damage.

Although diabetic nerve disease is usually associated with hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia as well can initiate or worsen neuropathy in diabetics intensively struggling to reduce their hyperglycemia.

Levels greater than 13–15 mmol/L (230–270 mg/dL) are considered high, and should be monitored closely to ensure that they reduce rather than continue to remain high. The patient is advised to seek urgent medical attention as soon as possible if blood sugar levels continue to rise after 2–3 tests.

High blood sugar levels are known as hyperglycemia, which is not as easy to detect as hypoglycemia and usually happens over a period of days rather than hours or minutes. If left untreated, this can result in diabetic coma and death.

Tips for Testing Your Blood Sugar at Home

There are many (at least 20+) different types of blood monitoring devices available on the market today; not every meter suits all patients and it is a specific matter of choice for the patient, in consultation with a physician or other experienced professional, to find a meter that they personally find comfortable to use.

The principle of the devices is virtually the same: a small blood sample is collected and measured. In one type of meter, the electrochemical, a small blood sample is produced by the patient using a lancet (a sterile pointed needle).

The blood droplet is usually collected at the bottom of a test strip, while the other end is inserted in the glucose meter. This test strip contains various chemicals so that when the blood is applied, a small electrical charge is created between two contacts. This charge will vary depending on the glucose levels within the blood.

In older glucose meters, the drop of blood is placed on top of a strip. A chemical reaction occurs and the strip changes color. The meter then measures the color of the strip optically.